The origin of falconry starts thousands of years BC in the steppes of Central Asia. Probably from Turkestan falconry has spread via China to Japan and later, through migrations, to the South and the West.
When, at the time of the Crusades, contacts with the Orient are restored, falconry gets new impulses in Europe. In the Arab countries falconry stands at a very high level. They also have an extensive literature with great ornithological knowledge at their disposal.
In Europe the first scientific approach starts. Emperor Frederick II (1194-1250) publishes his "On the Art of Hunting with Birds (" De Arte Venandi cum Avibus ") a complete manual, dealing with the birds as well as the methods of catching them and the care of the birds.
In 2010, UNESCO included falconry in the list of intangible cultural heritage. Sometime later the Netherlands also recognized falconry as such in 2013.